Multicultural Britain revealed

Colour-coded maps show the UK cities that certain faiths are drawn to and the areas people of different religions choose to live in

  • Stunning maps show the demographics of London, Manchester, Leicestershire, Tyne and Wear and Yorkshire
  • The dot density maps show how religion is spread in clusters across the capital and the country as a whole
  • Ben Flanagan, who created the maps for for Esri UK,  said ‘the maps don’t just look interesting, but can help make data more tangible’

Stunning new maps show the religious demographics of LondonManchester, Leicestershire, Tyne and Wear and West Yorkshire.

The maps, that look like oil paintings, were created by cartographer Ben Flanagan and show each dot represented by a single person.

They show the scope of religions across the country’s metropolitan areas, and how different religions have spread in parts of England.

The maps that looks like oil paintings were created by coder Ben Flanagan and shows each dot represented by a single person

The maps that looks like oil paintings were created by coder Ben Flanagan and shows each dot represented by a single person

Mr Flanagan created the maps for for Esri UK said the maps don’t just look interesting, but can help make data more tangible.

On his website, he wrote: ‘Historically, London has been predominantly Christian. This is evident as the map is a sea of blue.

‘Islam, London’s second largest religion and represented here as turquoise, seems to have a greater following north of the River Thames.

‘The map also reveals large Jewish, Hindu and Sikh communities – all found to the north and west of the capital.

‘Dot density maps are really effective at normalising data by geographic area. This is because places with fewer people fade away, while densely populated areas become more prominent.

‘These visualisations help to reveal hidden patterns, or in this case, communities. They not only look interesting, but help to make the data more meaningful. ‘

The map of London is mostly blue, to represent the capital’s mostly Christian population, but it shows how religion clusters in spots across the city – and the country as a whole.

In the northwest is a pink area around Harrow, where the population is more than 25 per cent Hindu.

And in from Harrow, is a yellow area with specs of green to show Barnet, where London’s highest number of Buddist live, around 4500 as well as more than 54,000 Jewish people, about 15 percent of the borough.

Multicultural London: Where do different religions live across the capital? 
Area All people Christian    % Buddhist   % Hindu  % Jewish  % Muslim  % Sikh  % Other religion % No religion %
Barking and Dagenham 185911 104101 56.00 842 0.45 4464 2.40 425 0.23 25520 13.73 2952 1.59 533 0.29 35106 18.88
Barnet 356386 146866 41.21 4521 1.27 21924 6.15 54084 15.18 36744 10.31 1269 0.36 3764 1.06 57297 16.08
Bexley 231997 144093 62.11 1377 0.59 3547 1.53 234 0.10 5645 2.43 4156 1.79 724 0.31 55995 24.14
Brent 311215 129080 41.48 4300 1.38 55449 17.82 4357 1.40 58036 18.65 1709 0.55 3768 1.21 33054 10.62
Bromley 309392 187656 60.65 1580 0.51 4987 1.61 957 0.31 7841 2.53 736 0.24 1138 0.37 80303 25.96
Camden 220338 84737 38.46 3155 1.43 3592 1.63 11226 5.10 30385 13.79 519 0.24 1423 0.65 64064 29.08
City of London 7375 3344 45.34 92 1.25 145 1.97 166 2.25 409 5.55 18 0.24 28 0.38 2522 34.20
Croydon 363378 205022 56.42 2381 0.66 21739 5.98 709 0.20 29513 8.12 1450 0.40 2153 0.59 72654 19.99
Ealing 338449 148055 43.75 4228 1.25 28915 8.54 1131 0.33 53198 15.72 26778 7.91 1987 0.59 50848 15.02
Enfield 312466 167417 53.58 1824 0.58 10927 3.50 4412 1.41 52141 16.69 1078 0.34 1950 0.62 48522 15.53
Greenwich 254557 134632 52.89 4223 1.66 9087 3.57 492 0.19 17349 6.82 3490 1.37 1013 0.40 65034 25.55
Hackney 246270 95131 38.63 3075 1.25 1577 0.64 15477 6.28 34727 14.10 1872 0.76 1311 0.53 69454 28.20
Hammersmith and Fulham 182493 98808 54.14 2060 1.13 2097 1.15 1161 0.64 18242 10.00 442 0.24 857 0.47 43487 23.83
Haringey 254926 114659 44.98 2829 1.11 4539 1.78 7643 3.00 36130 14.17 808 0.32 1303 0.51 64202 25.18
Harrow 239056 89181 37.31 2700 1.13 60407 25.27 10538 4.41 29881 12.50 2752 1.15 5945 2.49 22871 9.57
Havering 237232 155597 65.59 760 0.32 2963 1.25 1159 0.49 4829 2.04 1928 0.81 648 0.27 53549 22.57
Hillingdon 273936 134813 49.21 2386 0.87 22033 8.04 1753 0.64 29065 10.61 18230 6.65 1669 0.61 46492 16.97
Hounslow 253957 106660 42.00 3617 1.42 26261 10.34 651 0.26 35666 14.04 22749 8.96 1540 0.61 40351 15.89
Islington 206125 90107 43.71 2299 1.12 2307 1.12 2090 1.01 21470 10.42 626 0.30 1052 0.51 67974 32.98
Kensington and Chelsea 158649 86005 54.21 2447 1.54 1386 0.87 3320 2.09 15812 9.97 263 0.17 778 0.49 32669 20.59
Kingston upon Thames 160060 84684 52.91 1771 1.11 7502 4.69 775 0.48 9474 5.92 1236 0.77 802 0.50 41183 25.73
Lambeth 303086 160944 53.10 2963 0.98 3119 1.03 1134 0.37 21500 7.09 440 0.15 1682 0.55 84803 27.98
Lewisham 275885 145588 52.77 3664 1.33 6562 2.38 643 0.23 17759 6.44 531 0.19 1478 0.54 75155 27.24
Merton 199693 111993 56.08 1884 0.94 12203 6.11 791 0.40 16262 8.14 498 0.25 810 0.41 41231 20.65
Newham 307984 123119 39.98 2446 0.79 26962 8.75 342 0.11 98456 31.97 6421 2.08 1090 0.35 29373 9.54
Redbridge 278970 102755 36.83 1840 0.66 31699 11.36 10213 3.66 64999 23.30 17377 6.23 1348 0.48 30691 11.00
Richmond upon Thames 186990 103319 55.25 1577 0.84 3051 1.63 1409 0.75 6128 3.28 1581 0.85 890 0.48 53195 28.45
Southwark 288283 151462 52.54 3884 1.35 3668 1.27 1006 0.35 24551 8.52 653 0.23 1350 0.47 77098 26.74
Sutton 190146 111086 58.42 1368 0.72 8038 4.23 486 0.26 7726 4.06 325 0.17 796 0.42 46817 24.62
Tower Hamlets 254096 75087 29.55 2994 1.18 4717 1.86 1396 0.55 96157 37.84 912 0.36 908 0.36 54363 21.39
Waltham Forest 258249 124939 48.38 1987 0.77 5917 2.29 1259 0.49 56541 21.89 1209 0.47 993 0.38 46462 17.99
Wandsworth 306995 162590 52.96 2574 0.84 6496 2.12 1617 0.53 24746 8.06 832 0.27 1283 0.42 82740 26.95
Westminster 219396 97877 44.61 3194 1.46 4178 1.90 7237 3.30 40073 18.27 496 0.23 1280 0.58 44542 20.30

Tower Hamlets in east London is shown as a light green hue as it has the city’s highest population of Muslims, slightly less than 100 thousand, about 38 percent.

While Tower Hamlets has the highest percentage of Muslims, larger neighbouring Newham has the highest number.

The data is taken from the 2011 Census and also shows the City of London has the highest percentage of people with ‘no religion’ just over a third, and the London Borough of Havering, on the eastern outskirts of the city has the highest density of Christians, 66 per cent.

The map of Leicestershire shows its namesake city with splodges of pink, orange and green in the middle

The map of Leicestershire shows its namesake city with splodges of pink, orange and green in the middle

The colour-coded map show one-dot per person

The colour-coded map show one-dot per person

Throughout England and Wales Christianity was the largest religion with 33.2 million people (59.3 per cent of the population). Muslims were the next largest religious group with 2.7 million people (4.8 per cent of the population).

Other maps were created of Leicestershire, Greater Manchester, West Yorkshire, and Tyne and Wear.

The map of Leicestershire shows its namesake city with splodges of pink, orange and green in the middle.

Leicester is 18.63 per cent Muslim, 15.19 per cent Hindu and 4.38 per cent Sikh.

The artist, who said he was inspired by powder paint to create the images hopes the multivariate dot density map will help to reveal patterns in the data that would have otherwise been hidden.

Map showing the religious demographic across Greater Manchester

Map showing the religious demographic across Greater Manchester

Map show the religious density in Leeds, Wakefield, Halifax and Bradford

Map show the religious density in Leeds, Wakefield, Halifax and Bradford

Map shows the spread of religion in Tyneside including Newcastle and Sunderland

Map shows the spread of religion in Tyneside including Newcastle and Sunderland

Multicultural Britain: What does the 2011 Census tell us about where faith is spread in England and Wales? 
All people Christian % Buddhist % Hindu % Jewish % Muslim % Sikh % Other religion %
East 5846965 3488063 59.66 22273 0.38 54010 0.92 34830 0.60 148341 2.54 18213 0.31 24981 0.43
East Midlands 4533222 2666172 58.81 12672 0.28 89723 1.98 4254 0.09 140649 3.10 44335 0.98 17918 0.40
London 8173941 3981408 48.71 82842 1.01 412458 5.05 150293 1.84 1026975 12.56 126335 1.55 48294 0.59
North East 2596886 1753334 67.52 6316 0.24 7772 0.30 4503 0.17 46764 1.80 5964 0.23 6668 0.26
North West 7052177 4742860 67.25 20695 0.29 38259 0.54 30417 0.43 356458 5.05 8857 0.13 19166 0.27
South East 8634750 5160128 59.76 43946 0.51 92499 1.07 17761 0.21 201651 2.34 54941 0.64 39672 0.46
South West 5288935 3194066 60.39 19730 0.37 16324 0.31 6365 0.12 51228 0.97 5892 0.11 29279 0.55
Wales 3063456 1763299 57.56 9117 0.30 10434 0.34 2064 0.07 45950 1.50 2962 0.10 12705 0.41
West Midlands 5601847 3373450 60.22 16649 0.30 72247 1.29 4621 0.08 376152 6.71 133681 2.39 25654 0.46
Yorkshire and The Humber 5283733 3143819 59.50 14319 0.27 24074 0.46 9929 0.19 326050 6.17 22179 0.42 16517 0.31

In London as a whole, just under half of the capital is Christian, the least in the whole country. Across England and Wales, the north east is the most Christian area, with more than 67 per cent identifying with the faith.

London has the highest percentage of Buddhists (1.01 per cent), Hindus (5.05 per cent), Jews (1.84 per cent), and Muslims (12.56 per cent). Whereas the west Midlands has the most Sikhs (2.39 per cent).

In the northeast, there is less than one in 400 people are Sikh (0.25 per cent). In the same area, there are less than 8000 Hindus, who make up just 0.3 per cent of the population.

There are only 2000 Jewish people in Wales, making up the smallest minority in the country, just 0.07 percent, there are also less than 3000 Sikhs on the west on the Severn bridge.

The southwest sees England and Wales’ smallest proportion of Muslims, at less than one percent.

First Published 01.09.18: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6121487/Colour-coded-London-map-uses-one-paint-dot-person-faith.html

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