A new Salvation Army report outlines how homelessness and rough sleeping will soar if the Government fails to properly fund homelessness support services in this Autumn’s Comprehensive Spending Review (CSR).
The church and charity is warning that the economic consequences of the pandemic will increase rough sleeping and force families into expensive and unsuitable temporary accommodation, like bed and breakfast, as local authorities struggle to manage rising homelessness levels.
However, the report, ‘Future-Proof the Roof’ offers solutions to help sustain the amazing progress that’s been made in recent months, while helping to prevent growing rates of rough sleeping and homelessness in the future. Not only would this protect thousands of vulnerable people but investing in homelessness now will avoid spiralling costs in the future. Typical avoidable costs include expensive temporary accommodation, which just last year cost local authorities close to £1billion.
In July, the Government outlined how it would prioritise spending its approach to this Autumn’s CSR. The Salvation Army is concerned that the ‘tough choices’ rhetoric used in the announcement could mean that homelessness and rough sleeping services suffer from funding cuts, similar to those made by the damaging austerity budget of 2010.
Lorrita Johnson1, The Salvation Army’s newly appointed Director of Homelessness Services, said: “It’s not too late to stop a massive increase in homelessness and rough sleeping caused by the current economic downturn. Bold government moves like the furlough scheme, temporary protection from eviction and emergency accommodation for rough sleepers saved lives and ensured thousands still had a home. However, our report demonstrates that if the Government mirrors the austerity approach it took during the last economic crisis, there will be dire consequences for rough sleepers, private renters and the economy as a whole.
“Our report ‘Future-Proof the Roof’ outlines alternatives to the austerity measures that came into force post 2010 and could be reintroduced following the upcoming spending review. If they act now, the Government will protect thousands of people from either returning to the streets and prevent many children being raised in cramped and unhealthy temporary accommodation.”
‘Future-Proof the Roof’ highlights three post pandemic shockwaves, which could lead to government, local authorities and the NHS footing the bill for the social, economic and human costs of homelessness and rough sleeping. These shockwaves are:
- People newly vulnerable to homelessness through post pandemic unemployment and the end of temporary safeguards including furlough payments and the temporary ban on evictions.
- Lack of government commitment to replace short-term thinking and chronic underinvestment over past decades with a new sustainable, long-term approach to investment in homelessness and rough sleeping. Multi-year financial settlements should be the rule and not the exception, but large amounts of the funding allocated to tackle rough sleeping in 2020/21 is for one year only or from one-off funds.
- Massive underestimation of the true scale of rough sleeping. A recent snapshot survey conducted by local authorities in April 2020 estimated that 6000 people were rough sleeping at the outbreak of the pandemic. This is over 40% more than was recorded in the 2019 official rough sleeping count, which offered a similar snapshot estimate of the number of people rough sleeping in England.2
The Salvation Army, which has more than 150 years’ experience of working with people experiencing rough sleeping and homelessness, is calling for a new approach to sustained, long-term investment to help people off the streets for good and increase the supply of homes available.
Lorrita Johnson continued
“The only way to prevent a homelessness and rough sleeping crisis is to approach funding for homelessness services in the same way the Government funds physical infrastructure and invest for the future. If the Government was planning a new motorway, it would invest in proper planning and construction materials to ensure it was still safe to drive in the future. It would be the only way to protect drivers and avoid costly emergency repair bills. If they took the same approach to investing in homelessness, they would protect lives and avoid potentially large out-of-budget expenses for temporary accommodation and health services. Future-proofing investment protects people and saves money.”
‘Future Proof the Roof’ outlines a number of specific solutions including:
• Improve data collection. Unless we’re accurately able to assess the number of people rough sleeping, their needs and household type, the level of investment will never accurately match the level of need. Introducing CHAIN3 (Combined Homeless and Information Network) style systems in urban areas with high levels of demand will help with this.
• Commit to a sustained level investment to build on the progress made during the outbreak of Covid-19. After years of underinvestment throughout the 2010s, the Government must commit to at least maintain the rate of investment in 2020/21 across the course of the current parliament. That’s £686m annually for the next three to four years.
• Use the upcoming CSR to begin implementing a new approach to investment in homelessness and rough sleeping. For example, in addition to stabilising levels of investment over the course of the current parliament, the Government should look to introduce a simple fiscal rule that if rough sleeping figures are stable or increasing, investment cannot be reduced, or we risk undoing any progress made and people returning to the streets.
• Provide a steady supply of suitable homes. Build on the excellent ‘Next Steps Accommodation Programme’ by acquiring homes from a range of sources to meet the urgent need with close to 15,000 people requiring new homes. This includes large numbers of one-bedroom properties to ensure schemes like Housing First are sustainable and introducing a new Empty Homes Programmes for people with experience of rough sleeping and new construction techniquesto improve the supply of modular homes.
Graeme Myall, 46, was a successful truck driver, earning a good annual salary, but after a close bereavement his mental health suffered. Graeme then lost his job and was evicted by his landlord due to severe rent arrears, finding himself homeless.
He was housed at The Salvation Army’s James Lee House Lifehouse in Warrington – a residential centre for homeless people.
“The Salvation Army provided accommodation which gave me a level of independence and security. There were people there to talk to, they actually listened, and gave me advice where appropriate. They supported me to do the right things.
“The Salvation Army helped me create a plan for the immediate future with what I wanted to achieve. They help you to realise what you want in life.”
After James Lee House, Graeme went to live with his mother, and is now living in private rented accommodation.