Investigation Into Use Of Taser At Greater Manchester Petrol Station Leads To National Changes To Officer Training

Police officers across England and Wales are to receive specific training on the implications of using a Taser in the presence of a child.

It follows an Independent Office for Police Conduct (IOPC) investigation into complaints made by a man who was repeatedly Tasered during his arrest by Greater Manchester Police (GMP) officers on a petrol station forecourt in Stretford while a five-year-old child was with him.

We are today publishing the final report and statutory learning from the investigation into the incident on Chester Road in May 2020.

We made five recommendations, all of which were accepted, based on our findings. They are that:
•           the College of Policing should amend national training for officers equipped with Taser to include considerations when a child is present
•           GMP should review its Taser policy to provide clearer, publicly available guidance on when the devices may be used
•           GMP should update local Taser training for officers to include considerations for situations where a child is present
•           GMP should update its Taser policy to make clear when it might be appropriate to use the devices when a flammable substance is nearby 
•           GMP should take steps to ensure officers’ decision-making and policing response is not being unreasonably impacted by stereotypical assumptions about the strength and threat posed by individuals from a Black, Asian or minority ethnic background.

Our investigation, which concluded in May 2021, looked at nine complaints made by the man regarding the actions of officers during and after the arrest. We examined the use of force by the officers and whether the man had been treated less favourably because he is Black.

During our investigation, we identified learning for the individual officers and the force. While the evidence did not indicate the man had been treated less favourably due to his race, we did find learning for the officers regarding frequent references to a person’s strength or size when justifying use of force as this can align to commonly held stereotypes and increase the likelihood of force being used against Black men.

We obtained statements from the officers involved and an eyewitness and examined footage from the officers’ body-worn video, CCTV and social media. We also consulted an expert in the use of Taser for their opinion on the tactics used.

The evidence did not suggest that an officer may have acted in a way that justified disciplinary proceedings or committed a criminal offence. When assessing the complaints, we found the service provided by GMP to be acceptable.

IOPC Regional Director Amanda Rowe said: “The public are understandably concerned about how and when Tasers are used by the police. This was highlighted in this incident, which was deeply distressing to those involved and caused significant concern within the local community.

“The disproportionate use of Taser against Black people, which is seen nationally, means it is especially important for the police to be able to justify the use of Taser in cases like this.

“While the evidence in this investigation showed officers had acted in accordance with the relevant policies, guidance and procedures, we identified ways the force could improve the response to similar situations in future and welcome the progress made to address them. 

“It is particularly pleasing that national training for officers equipped with Tasers will now include specific learning to assist in cases where a child is present.

“There is no doubt Tasers are a valuable tool for keeping both the public and police safe in dangerous circumstances but the public needs to be reassured it is being used appropriately. Our recommendations are aimed at ensuring officers are equipped to make the right decisions and that communities can better understand them.”

Copies of our final investigation report, a summary of the investigation and a summary of our conclusions and learning have been published on our website.

Written by: Paul Berentzen

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